When cleaning leaves or other debris from your lawn, driveway, or sidewalk, use a broom or rake instead of a hose.
Reduce turf areas and plant native ground cover, flowers, shrubs, and trees. Generally, native plants require less moisture.
If your lawn thrives on 45 minutes of water every two or three days, it will not remain as healthy if you water 15 to 20 minutes every day. Your lawn also won’t be as healthy if you water for one and one half hours every five or six days. Soil can’t absorb that much water all at once and the extra runoff won’t help your grass.
A sign of a dry lawn is grass that turns a dull gray-green. If only certain areas along sidewalks or driveways, for example, are gray and the rest of the lawn is green, only water the dry areas.
In good soil, less frequent, but heavier watering encourages a deeper root system and helps the lawn better tolerate hot weather.
Grassy areas on the sunny southern sides of buildings, on slopes, and areas near sidewalks and driveways need to be watered more often. Shady areas and northern exposures can be watered less frequently.
If you have an automatic sprinkler system, make sure it is not watering too long or too often. Automatic sprinklers should be used when the water demand is at its lowest – 4 a.m. to 6 a.m.
Adjust lawn watering to the weather. Following a heavy rain, skip your regular watering day until the grass needs it. Know how to turn off your automatic sprinkler system until it is needed again. Flow can be controlled at the outlet by the type of sprinkler used and by the size of the garden hose.
More is dispensed faster with larger diameter hose. Sprinklers throwing large drops in flat patterns are more effective than those with fine, high sprays.
Use a root watering device on shrubs and trees to get deep down under soil surface. If the trees and shrubs get watered deeply enough, they will need less.
Delay regular watering of grass during the first cool weeks of spring. This encourages deeper rooting and makes your lawn healthier for the rest of the summer.
Cut the lawn often so that only one half to three quarters of an inch is cut at a time. This prevents the excessive shock that causes grass to turn yellow.
Keep your grass two to three inches long. Mow often enough to cut only 30 percent of the length of the blades of grass.